How NIT Srinagar became the most Militarized Institute in India
Mohandas karamchand Gandhi is the full name of Mahatma Gandhi and was born on 2nd October in year 1869 in vaish family of Gujarat. Mahatma Gandhi’s father was dewan of his state Rajkot and her mother was a Hindu lady with orthodox views. Gandhi ji married Kasturba at the age of 13 & has a sheer dedication to his mother land. Mahatma Gandhi was a preacher of non-violence, symbol of peace & truth. To study law Mahatma Gandhi went to England after his schooling.
Mahatma Gandhi practiced law in S.A (South Africa), Gandhi ji started Satyagraha for Indian rights. Indians in S.A were deprive of their civic rights & there was persecution of Indians also. Gandhi ji in South Africa raise his voice against cruelty & injustice done on the Indians. He was arrested there & also imprisoned but Gandhi ji did not give in. Gandhi ji was a stenner stuff & went on the fighting for the rights of the Indians they wanted. After all this Mahatma Gandhi come back to India & re-organized Indian National Congress. In 1919 Mahatma Gandhi raised his voice & protest against General Dyer for shooting innocent men children & women. Gandhi ji rejected forthright the reforms of 1919 and started “Mass Satyagraha” & imprisoned for 6 years. Long imprisonment did not daunt him and grab his spirit, decided to free India from British rule. Gandhi Ji was prepared for any sacrifice & even for the worst & mediated long time on the scene of India’s poverty& bondage. Gandhi ji was just like a prophet as he had influenced life of millions of people.
Mahatma Gandhi played a vital role in the independence of India. It was a miracle that India gained his freedom without spelling a single drop of blood it was possible because of Mahatma Gandhi. He was the one who changed history of India & move & shake the whole world. Gandhi ji conquest was a conquest of hearts of millions of people & wanted to bring heaven kingdom on earth.
On 30th January 1994, Gandhi ji was assassinated in the garden of Birla house at 5:17pm. Gandhi ji on his way to his prayer with his grandnieces, when Nathuram Godse fired 3 bullets in his chest with 9mm pistol. Mahatma Gandhi death was mourned nationwide.
The ashes were to be spread over river by Hindu tradition but Gandhi ji ashes were poured into urns sent throughout India for Memorial services.
According to a reporter Jim Yardley “Morden India is hardly a Gandhian nation” as Morden India rejected Gandhi ji economics but accepted his politics and continues to reverse his memory.
2nd October is declared as national holiday and celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti. 30th January is commemorated as Martyr’s day. Temples are dedicated to Mahatma Gandhi located in India. One of which is located in Sambalpur in Orissa & other is located in Chikmagalur district in Karnataka.
You can also take this article for Speech on Mahatma Gandhi in Schools and Colleges.
Article By: Rîpûm Gûptà
Dr. A. P. J .Abdul Kalam Biography
Sir Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen “A.P.J.” Abdul kalam was born on 15th of October 1931 in Rameswaram, Tamil Naidu in a Muslim family. He has done graduation in physics and aerospace engineering. Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam became the 11th president of India. He was a scientist and science administrator at the DRDO and Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) for four decades. He also contributed in civilian space program and military Missile Development Efforts. After the development of Ballistic Missile and launch vehicle technology A.P.J Abdul Kalam came to be known as the Missile Man of India. Dr. Kalam also played a vital role in India’s Pokhran-II nuclear tests in 1998, the was the first since the original nuclear test by India in 1974. Dr.
Kalam was elected as the president of Indian in 2002 and is referred as “People’s President”.
EDUCATION:- (Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Biography)
Dr. Kalam was an average grade student but he was described as the bright and hardworking student who had strong desire to learn. He spent hours in his studies especially in solving mathematics. After completing his school he went to attend Saint Joseph’s college, then affiliated to University Of Madras, from where he graduated in physics in 1954.
Dr. Kalam had a desire to be an aerospace engineer that’s why he moved to Madras for aerospace engineering in Madras Institute of Technology. Once Dr Kalam was working in a project during his graduation, the dean was not satisfied with him and threatened Dr. Kalam that he will revoke his scholarship if the project was not completed within 3 days. Dr. Kalam met the deadline, impressing the dean. He missed achieving his dream of becoming a fighter pilot as he was placed 9th in the qualifiers and only 8 positions were available in IFA.
Dr. KALAM AS A SCIENTIST:-
Kalam started his career as a scientist and initially designed a small helicopter for the Indian Army, but remained unconvinced with the choice of his job at DRDO. He was the part of INCOSPAR committee, working under Vikram Sarabhaith, the renowned space scientist. In 1969, Dr. Kalam was sent to the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) where he was the project director of India’s first Indigenous Satellite Launch vehicle (SLV-III) which was able to successfully deploy the Rohini satellite in near earth orbit on July 1980. Dr. Kalam first worked on expandable rocket project independently at DRDO in 1965. On 1969, Dr. Kalam received the government’s approval and expanded the program to include more engineers. During 1963-1964, Dr. Kalam made an effort to develop successful projects i.e. polar SLV and SLV-III. Dr. Kalam played a major role in developing missiles like Agni and Prithvi. He was the chief scientist adviser to Prime Minister and the Secretary of DRDO from July 1992 to December 1999. In 1998, with the assistance cardiologist Dr. Soma Raju, Dr. Kalam developed a low cost coronary stent. It was named as “Kalam-Raju stent” to honour them. In 2012, Dr. Kalam along with Dr. Soma Raju, designed a rugged tablet PC for health care in rural areas, which was names as “Kalam-Raju Tablet”.
Dr. Kalam received honorary doctorates from 40 universities across the globe. The Government of India awarded him with Padma Bhushan in 1981 and with Padma Vibhushan in 1990 for his tremendous contribution in ISRO and DRDO. In 1997, Dr. Kalam received the Bharat Ratna award for his contribution to the scientific research and mordenization of defence technology in India. In 2013, Dr. Kalam was awarded with Von Braun Award from the National Space Society to recognize excellence in the management and leadership of the space related-project.
After leaving office, Dr. Kalam become a visiting professor at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong, IIM Ahmedabad, and IIM Indore, chancellor of the Indian Institute Of Space Science and Technology Thiruvananthapuram and an adjunct at many other academy and research institutions across India. He was a professor at the International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad, and Technology at Banaras Hindu University and Anna University.
On May 2012, Dr. Kalam started a programme for youth of India and that program was called the “What Can I Give” Movement, with a central theme of defeating corruption.
On 27 July 2015, Dr. Kalam travelled to Shillong to deliver a lecture on “Creating a Liveable Planet Earth” at the Indian Institution of Management, Shillong. At around 6:35p.m IST, only 5 minutes before his lecture he collapsed. He was rushed to the nearby Bethany Hospital in a critical condition; upon his arrival he lacked a pulse or any other signs of life. Despite of being placed in the intensive care unit Dr. Kalam was confirmed dead due to sudden cardiac arrest at 7:45p.m IST. JIs last words to Srijan Pal singh were reportedly “Funny guy! Are doing well?
Dr. Kalam’s body was airlifted in an Indian Air Force helicopter from Shillong to Guwahati, and from Guwahati Dr. Kalam’s body was shifted to New Delhi on 28 July. The fight landed at Palam Air Base and was received by the President, the Prime Minister, Chief Minister of Delhi Arvind Kejriwal and the three service chiefs of the Indian Armed Forces, who laid their respective wreath on Dr. Kalam’s body.
On 30th July 2015, the former President was laid to rest at Rameshwaram’s Pei Karumbu Ground. Over 350,000 people attended the last rites, including the P.M, the Governor of Tamil Nadu. The C.M of Karnataka, Kerala, and Andhra Pradesh were also present. India reacted to Dr. Kalam’s death with an outpouring of grief, numerous tributes were paid to the former President across the nation.
Article by: Manish Gupta (Jammu)